def     di     do
 
D.A.
n. 地方検事「District Attorney」の略  E.g. Lets call the D.A. to cut a deal.
 
d.b.a.
n. 「doing business as」の略  商号を示す  E.g. ABC Enterprise Inc., d.b.a. Pacific ABC
 
D.U.I.
n. 「driving under the influence of alcohol」の略    E.g. This is his second D.U.I charge.
 
D.W.I.
n. 「driving while intoxicated」の略
 
damages
n. 損害賠償
 
dangerous
adj. 危険
 
dangerous weapon
n. 危険な武器   E.g. He has been charged with assault with a dangerous weapon.
 
date rape
n. (俗) 知合いによる強姦
 
day in court
n. (俗)訴訟で解決する機会   E.g. He was the right to have his day in court.
 
de facto
adj. 事実上の。ラテン語で「in fact」c.f. de jure
 
de facto corporation
n. 事実上の会社
 
de jure
n. 法津上の

de jure corporation
n. 法律上の会社
 
de minimis
adj. 僅少、ラテン語で「of minimum importance」
 
de novo
adj. 再度の、ラテン語「anew」   Eg.The defendant asked for de novo hearing.
 
deadly weapon
n. 凶器
 
dealer
n. ディーラー
 
death penalty
n. 死刑   E.g. The defendant received the death penalty.
 
death row
n. 死刑囚監房棟 E.g. The prisoner has been in death row for two years.
 
debauchery
n. 放蕩
 
debenture
n. 社債
 
debt
n.  金銭債務
 
debtor
n. 1) 債務者
 
debtor in possession
n. 占有継続債務者 (破産法) E.g. At least in Chapter 11, your company can benefit from the debtor in possession.
 
deceased
1) adj. 死んだ 2) n. 故人
 
decedent
n. 故人
 
deceit
n. 詐欺、欺瞞
 
deception
n. 騙し
 
decide
v. 決定する
 
decision
n. 判決
 
declarant
n. 供述者   E.g.  The declarant states he has personal knowledge as to the matters.
 
declaration
n. 1) 宣言 2) 供述書.  E.g. Lets submit a declaration instead of an affidavit.
 
declaration against interest
n. 利益に反する供述 (証拠法)
 
declaration in lieu of oath
n. 宣誓の代わりにする宣言
 
declaration of mailing
n. 郵送の供述    E.g. The opposition must be filed with a declaration of mailing.
 
declaration of trust
n. 信託宣言
 
declaratory judgment
n. 宣言的判決
 
declaratory relief
n. 宣言的救済  E.g. Plaintiff field a complaint for declaratory relief.
 
declaratory statutes
n. 宣言的制定法
 
decree
n. 判決 (衡平法)
 
decriminalization
n. 非犯罪化
 
dedication
n. 献地
 
deductible clause
n. 保険金減額条項
 
deduction
n. 控除
 
deed
1) n. 捺印証書
 
deed poll
n. 平型捺印証書
 
deed of trust
n. 信託証書
 
defalcation
v. 使い込み  ラテン語の「deduction」が由来。
 
defamation
n. 名誉毀損
 
default
n. 1. 怠慢 2. (債務)不履行(を犯す)
 
default judgment
n. 欠席判決
 
defeasance
n. 権利消滅条件
 
defeasible
adj. 解除条件付
 
defeasible fee
n. 消滅条件付所有権
 
defect
n. 欠陥、瑕疵
 
defective
adj. 瑕疵のある
 
defective title
n. 瑕疵ある権原
 
defend
v. 弁護する、和解条項で弁護のための弁護士を提供し弁護する。
 
Defendant
n. 被告
 
defense
n. 被告の弁護士、対抗、抗弁
 
defense attorney
n. 被告弁護人
 
deferment
n. 繰延
 
deferred payments
n. 繰延支払
 
deficiency judgment
n. 不足金判決  E.g. After the decree of foreclosure, the deficiency judgment was entered.
 
deficit
n. 欠損
 
defraud
v. 騙す
 
degree of crime
n. 犯罪等級
 
degree of kinship
n. 親等
 
degree of negligence
n. 注意義務の程度
 
degree of proof
n. 証拠の程度
 
delayed exchange
n. 税繰延の交換 (所得税)
 
delegable duty
n. 引受可能の義務
 
delegate
1) v. 権限を付与する 2) n. 代表団
 
delegation of performance
n. 履行の委任
 
deleterious
adj. 有害な
 
deliberate
adj. 意図的  E.g. This action were deliberate.
 
deliberation
n. 審議  The jury are in deliveration.
 
delictum
n. ラテン語で不法行為
 
delinquent
1) adj. 滞納している 2) n. 非行少年
 
deliver
v. (物を)引き渡す、交付する
 
delivery
n. 引渡、交付
 
demand
v. 請求する、要求する  E.g. The defendant demand a jury trial.
 
demand note
n. 一覧払約束手形
 
De minimis infractions
n. 微罪 (刑法)
 
demise

v. 貸す、譲渡
 
demise charter
n. 船舶賃貸借契約
 
demonstrative evidence
n. 実例証拠
 
demurrage
n. 船舶碇泊料
 
demurrer
n. 妨訴抗弁
 
denial
n. 否認 
 
dependent
1) n. 被扶養者
 
depletion
n. 枯渇
 
deponent
n. 証人
 
deportation
n. 国外追放
 
depose
v. 証言を録る
 
deposit
n. 預託金  E.g., Deposit Receipt 預託金領収書(不動産)
 
deposition
n. 証言録取、供述録取.
 
depreciate
v. 減価償却する
 
depreciation
n. 減価償却
 
depreciation reserve
n. 減価償却引当金
 
derelict
n. 破棄船舶
 
dereliction
n. 1) 船舶遺棄 2) 水位低下による土地。
 
derivative action
n. 株主代表訴訟
 
descent
n. 相続
 
descent and distribution
n. 相続と遺産分配
 
descriptive mark
n. 記述的標識 (知的所有権法)
 
descriptive words
n. 記述的言葉 (知的所有権法)
 
desert
v. 遺棄する
 
desertion
n. 遺棄
 
design
n. 意匠 (知的所有権法)
 
detainer
n. 不法占有、不法留置
 
detention
n. 監禁
 
determinable
adj. 限定的
 
determinable fee
adj. 限定的所有権
 
deuce
n. (俗)飲酒運転で有罪なること
 
devise
v. 遺贈する
 
devisee
n. 受遺者
 
devolution
n. 自動譲渡
 
devolve
v. 自動譲渡される
 
dicta
n. 「dictum」の複数  E.g.  The court's remarks were dicta.
 
dictum
n. 傍論  ラテン語で「remark」複数形は「dicta」であるが、不可算の場合もある。E.g. The courts reference was dictum.
 
digest
n. 判決要録
 
dilatory
n. 延期、時間稼ぎ
 
dilatory plea
n. 延期的抗弁
 
diligence
n. 注意
 
diminished capacity
n. 心神耗弱
 
diminution in value
n. 価値の減額

direct
n. direct examination

direct and proximate cause
n. 直接かつ親近の原因   E.g. As a direct and proximate cause of his action, the defendant suffered injuries.
 
direct attack
n. 直接攻撃 collateral attack
 
direct evidence
n. 直接証拠 (証拠法)
 
direct examination
n. 直接尋問   E.g. Please start your direct.
 
directed verdict
n. 指示評決   E.g. After plaintiff rested, the defendant filed a Motion for Directed Verdict.
 
director
n. 取締役
 
disability
n.  障害   E.g.  You are prohibited to discriminate based on his disability.
 
disability benefit
n. 障害者給付
 
disaffirmance
n. 否認
 
disagreement
n. 不同意
 
disbar
v. (弁護士資格を)剥奪する E.g. The Supreme Court disbarred him.
 
disbarment
n. 法曹資格剥奪
 
discharge
v. 1) 義務を果たす 2) (義務を)免責する、(契約を)解除する
 
discharge in bankruptcy
n. 破産による免責  E.g. The debtor received his discharge in bankrucpty.
 
discharge of debt
n. 債務免除 
 
discharge of contact
n. 契約解除
 
disclaimer
n. 1) (権利、財産の)放棄 2) (責任の)否認
 
disclosure
n. 情報開示
 
discontinuance
n. 訴訟取下
 
discount
n. 割引
 
discovery
n. 情報開示 (訴訟法)   E.g. I request further discovery as to the issue.
 
discretion
n. 裁量   E.g. The court has wide discretion whether to sanction an attorney.
 
discrimination
n. 差別   E.g.  The civil rights act prohibits discrimination based on gender.
 
disfigure
v. 身体に傷をつける
 
dishonor
v. 支払拒絶
 
disinherit
v. 相続排除する
 
disinheritance
n. 相続排除
 
disjunctive allegations
n. 選言的主張
 
dismemberment
n. 重大身体傷害
 
dismiss
v. 却下する、棄却する   E.g. The defendant filed a motion to dismiss complaint.
 
dismissal
n. 1) 却下、棄却 2) 解雇
 
dismissal with prejudice
n. 権利を毀損する却下  E.g. After settlement, the case was dismissed with prejudice.
 
dismissal without prejudice
n. 権利を毀損しない却下  E.g.  The case was dismissed without prejudice for lack of prosecution.
 
disorderly conduct
n.  治安紊乱行為
 
disorderly house
n. 1) 売春宿, 2) とばく場
 
disposing mind and memory
n. 財産処分する精神能力と記憶
 
disposition
n. 結審結果   E.g.  Pending disposition of the motion, parties are to keep confidentiality.
 
dispossess
v. 明け渡す、占有を回復する
 
disqualify
v. (裁判官、弁護士を)除斥する  E.g.  The defendant filed a motion to disqualify the judge for prejudice.
 
disregard of corporate entity
n. 法人格の否認  E.g.  Be sure to make minutes because a creditor may pierce the corporate veil against those who disregard the corporate entity.
 
dissent
n. 反対意見   E.g. I dissent to the majority opinion.
 
dissenting opinion
n. 反対意見
 
dissolution
n. 解散、離婚、解除
 
dissolution of corporation
n. 会社解散
 
distinguish
v. (判例、先例を)区別する; 峻別する  E.g.  The U.S. Steel case can be distinguished in this instance.
 
distress
n. 自救的動産差押
 
distribute
v. 分配する
 
distributor
n. 販売店、販売業者
 
distributorship agreement
n. 販売店契約
 
distribution
n. 分配、遺産分配
 
District Attorney (D.A.)
n. 地方検事
 
district court
n. 地方裁判所
 
disturbing the peace
n.  騒乱で平穏を乱すこと
 
diversion
n. ディヴァージョン 初犯の更正の制度
 
diversity of citizenship
n. 州籍の相違   E.g. The federal jurisdiction is based upon diversity of citizenship.
 
divestiture
n. 分離,資産譲渡,株式強制処分命令
 
divestment
n. 剥奪 
 
dividend
n. 配当金
 
divisible contract
n. 分割可能契約
 
divorce
n. 離婚
 
DNA
n. DNA
 
docket
1) n. 裁判予定表 2) n. 事件表
 
document
n. 書類
 
document of title
n. 権原証書
 
documentary evidence
n. 書証
 
documentary letter of credit
n. 荷為替信用状
 
doing business
v. 営業をする
 
domain
n. 完全土地所有権
 
domestic partners
n. 同性婚など結婚していなくて同棲している人々
 
domestic relations
n. 家庭法
 
domestic violence
n. 家庭内暴力
 
domicile
n. 住所
 
dominant estate
n. 要役権
 
dominant tenement
n. 要役地
 
donation
n. 寄付、贈与
 
donative intent
n. 贈与意思
 
donee
n. 受贈者
 
donor
n. 贈与者
 
double jeopardy
n. 一事不再審
 
double taxation
n. 二重課税  E.g. The corporate profits are subject to double taxation.
 
dower
n. 寡婦産
 
dowry
n. 嫁資
 
draft
1) n. 為替手形 2) 草案
 
dram shop acts
n. 酒場取締法
 
draw
v. (手形を)振り出す
 
drawee
n. (為替手形の)支払人
 
drawer
n. (為替手形の)振出人
 
driving under the influence (DUI)
n. 飲酒運転
 
driving while intoxicated (DWI)
n. 飲酒運転
 
DROA
n.  不動産売買契約書。「Deposit Receipt, Offer and Acceptance(預託金領収書と申込受諾書)」の略で、不動産業者協会書式の不動産売買契約書。(不動産法)
 
drop dead date
n. 最終期限日
 
due
n. and adj. その日支払べき
 
due and owing
adj. その日ある金額を支払べき
 
due care
n. 相当な注意
 
due diligence
n. 適切なる注意
 
due process of law
n. 正当な法の手続
 
due,owing and unpaid
adj. その日ある未払額を支払うべく
 
dummy
adj. 名目上の
 
dumping
n. ダンピング
 
duration
n. 期間
 
duress
n. 強迫
 
duty
n. 義務
 
duty of care
n. 注意義務
 
duty of loyalty
n. 忠実義務
 
dying declaration
n. 臨終の供述 (証拠法)

 

 

  


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